St Jerome is famous for translating the Bible (Old and New Testaments) into Latin, the language of the common man at the time, from Greek and Hebrew, thus making the scriptures more widely available. He was born in Dalmatia about the year 340. He studied in philosophy and rhetoric in Rome where he came into contact with Christianity and was baptized. He wrote many works of commentary on the books of Scripture and was one of the main men who laid down the canon of Scripture we have today. The canon of Scripture is the name for the list of books contained in the Bible. He also wrote about the monastic life and lived the later part of his life as a hermit in Bethlehem.
The Jerome Bible Commentary is still one of the most widely read Bible commentaries today. Although revised and edited many times, it is still called by his name in honour of his memory.